Select one of the following topics to discuss your thoughts and the influence it has had on juvenile-justice policy.
1) Risk, needs, responsivity model
2) Good Lives Model
3) Maslow’s hierarchy of needs as it applies to juveniles
4) Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act
ANSWER THE ABOVE QUESTION AND REPLY TO MY CLASSMATE RESPONSE TO THE ABOVE QUESTIONS AND EXPLAIN WHY YOU AGREE? (A MINIMUM OF 125 WORDS)
The application of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs in correlation with juvenile-justice policy places logical emphasis on prevention through ensuring that juveniles have their basic needs for survival met, are protected from danger and harm, have a system of support from others, and possess confidence and feelings of self-worth (Peak & Giacomazzi, 2019).
The development and implementation of juvenile-justice policy that focuses on establishing and maintaining the hierarchy of needs suggests that juveniles will be less likely to exhibit the needs or desires to commit criminal offenses in order to attain and maintain their primary and fundamental needs. It is the contention that juveniles who are provided for will not feel as though they have the need to resort to committing offenses such as selling illegal drugs to establish financial security, joining gangs or organized crime groups (Gau, 2018; Schmalleger, 2016) to establish protection and a sense of community, and resort to criminal behaviors and actions to improve socioeconomic status to establish self-worth (Peak & Giacomazzi, 2019).
It is the postulation that enacting juvenile-justice public policies providing services, programs, and projects targeted at ensuring the fundamental and inherent needs for sustenance, social interaction, and happiness for juveniles may mitigate the onset of criminal behaviors and actions of juveniles. The premise of providing for the well-being and welfare of juveniles while concurrently mitigating disadvantages is such that preventative actions may culminate in factors that influence positive circumstances in the interest of discouraging criminality. For at-risk juveniles who are not fortunate enough to receive and benefit from preventative actions, other intervention and rehabilitation juvenile-justice public policies incorporating programs such as persons in need of supervision (PINS), children in need of services (CHINS), and families in need of services (FINS) are provided in every attempt to avoid exposure to the juvenile criminal justice system (Gau, 2018).
Gau, J. M. (2018). Criminal justice policy: Origins and effectiveness. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Peak, K. J., & Giacomazzi, A. L. (2019). Justice administration: Police, courts, and corrections management (9th ed.). New York, NY: Pearson.