EXERCISE 3A–2 Overhead Rate Based on Capacity [LO8]
Wixis Cabinets makes custom wooden cabinets for high-end stereo systems from specialty woods. The company uses a job-order costing system. The capacity of the plant is determined by the capacity of its constraint, which is time on the automated bandsaw that makes finely beveled cuts in wood according to the preprogrammed specifications of each cabinet. The bandsaw can oper- ate up to 180 hours per month. The estimated total manufacturing overhead at capacity is $14,760 per month. The company bases its predetermined overhead rate on capacity, so its predetermined overhead rate is $82 per hour of bandsaw use.
The results of a recent month’s operations appear below:
1. Prepare an income statement following the example in Appendix 3A in which any underap- plied overhead is directly recorded on the income statement as an expense.
2. Why is overhead ordinarily underapplied when the predetermined overhead rate is based on capacity?