You can earn 5 points of extra-credit on this exam by contributing to the Twitter Study Guide.You must submit 2 one sentence statements (150 characters maximum) about points you think are important to

You can earn 5 points of extra-credit on this exam by contributing to the Twitter Study Guide.You must submit 2 one sentence statements (150 characters maximum) about points you think are important to know for the exam from each chapter. It can not just be copied out of the book but must be in your own words. It also can not just be a definition or a duplication of a previously posted point

Just to clarify, they must be points of knowledge, not something like, “It is important to know the levels of taxonomic organization.” Instead you should say, “The levels of taxonomic classification, from highest to lowest are, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species.”

Files: Post1and2.docx

 

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Proposal for Organizational Learning Issues

Running head: PROPOSAL 1

PROPOSAL 4

Proposal for Organizational Learning Issues

Penny Williams

HRM 562: Developing a Learning Organization

Dr. Allan Beck

August 26, 2019

Proposal for Organizational Learning Issues

All firms tend to face a wide range of challenges. These challenges hinder the effective delivery of services and objectives. In the organization transition management, some specific concerns in ABC Company have risen threatening the existential integrity of the organization. It is important to note that all firms have goals that determine the courses of their operations. It is also critical to observe that within the organization and among the different ranks of the workers in ABC there are different levels of understanding when it comes to the organizational goals. A good example to illustrate this disparity is the fact that the executives and the top management may understand or have a clear sight of the destination while the junior workers have a hazy blurred sight of the target. In fact, some might not even goals at all. As a result, these workers will operate like rudderless ships and consequently there is a loss of focus and poor productivity in general (Cameron & Green, 2017).

Secondly, different firms have different training systems tasked with the primary role of preparing the workers to tackle their tasks and enhance the achievement of the firm’s objectives r goals. In the case of ABC Company, it is vividly clear that the organization has a sophisticated training system that is preventing the firm from achieving human resource demands. In such circumstances, employees and staff fail to come to terms with the goals of training that the organization is championing for. This has had a tremendous impact on the quality of production. Finally, the is the lack of teamwork amongst workers. This is further fueled by the lack of understanding the importance as well as the value of teamwork which presents a concern with the best interest of the organization at heart. For ABC to develop and serve the proper functions and goals that are set out to be achieved, there must be an assessment of the concerns addressed to set up an avenue for better and prosperous organizational future.

With regard to the issues raised, it is recommended that the organization pioneers and invests in helping its workers understand the organizational goals of the workers across the different ranks. Most importantly the junior workers must show a clear understanding of the direction that the organization is striving to take as well as a pre-conceived destination or direction. The best approach to accomplish this is to improve communication channels and standards among the leaders of the firm and the employees. When leaders create a communication barrier between the administration and the workers which can be characterized as a one-way communication or a top to bottom type of communication, it becomes difficult for the provision of the reverse type of communication. This means that the workers fail to understand the goals of the organization. Therefore, the establishment of an elaborate training regime is not the most critical approach for training at ABC. It is important that a simple, accurate and straightforward learning approach is created that will align with the organizations goals to achieve the human resource needs. Lastly there is need for the establishment of a teamwork environment that is necessary for the organization as it approaches the future. Through this approach all the workers will be appraised and receive credit where it is required and for high performance within the firm. This also means that the workers will be expected to share the losses or blame for undesirable outcomes. Teamwork will, therefore, be a pillar where the employees refocus their strengths and encourage each other through peer learning.

Project Background

The case shows a disconnected culture and learning environment within the ABC Company. An understanding from the three mystifications shows that the issues at hand within the organization arise from diverse points and are complex in nature. As much as the criticality of this fact is appreciated, it is evident that most prominent contributors to this problem includes the split between the visionaries of the organization and the doubters. While change has become imminent in the current business environment people tend to agree on the need to have changed within this firm. However, there is a dynamic shift between those that perceive change as fathomable or achievable. Majority of the visionaries are etched on the idea that change is inevitable. Doubters, on the other hand, are etched on the idea that change is a requirement rather than a necessity and hence evident skepticism. This massive divide has proved for the organization that it is almost impossible to achieve the desired change. Santos-Vijande et al. (2014) argue that if contradictory viewpoints persist within an organization it becomes difficult to realize or achieve change.

The firm’s current direction and approach to the learning are etched on utilization of the internally educated and trained personnel within the human resource management. The firm has in place systems where they try to prepare the workers with specific skill sets that are perceived significant for the different job descriptions. This approach comes with the advantage of the cost burden being lifted from the organization. The approach appears to be attractive to an organization there is in need to maintain a culture from the generation of workers to the next. It is notable that the use of internally prepared trainers is important because it helps in the creation of an environment where the workers achieve the best training program. It is arguable that the workers will achieve the best outcomes from such training program with their fellow workers. It is however notable that there is a disadvantage associated with this approach considering that it prevents the organization from effectively moving away from a given culture and adopting another. With the current practice there is an increasing desire for the culture to change and pave way for a new culture.

Project Goals and Methodology

Critique

The issues affecting the learning system within ABC are best addressed by the online or external OLM. This choice requires a thorough assessment of the advantages and weaknesses of the solution. One notable advantage of this approach is use of qualified personnel within the field. Considering the nature of the challenges that the firm faces, it has become important that individuals who have personnel and trained trainers will effectively address the needs of the firm (Chatwin & Ackers, 2018). Another advantage is that the firm will be endowed with full time access to experts in the field. There are however some issues from the application of this principle approach. Firstly, the approach is expensive considering that the hiring of the experts requires money. At a time when the cost of business is on the increase, firms are looking out for the reduction of the overhead costs while maintaining peak production. Another challenge is preserving the value of the firm. By outsourcing training and experts, it is possible that foreign values are introduced which cannot be said to be in sync with the firm’s values (Chatwin & Ackers, 2018).

Hindrance

Effective learning is the primary aim of the entire process within the firm. However, some hindrances can be recorded considering that the primary issue that has prevented effective learning in the firm is failure. While it is essential to align the needs of training within the firm and the objectives, it has become necessary to make sure that the training model is aligned with the goals of the firm.

Recommendation

The firm’s management must refocus on prioritizing workers rather than the interests and profitability of the organization. Currently the administration has enough benefits on the part of the organization ahead of the interests. There I need for a change approach especially when the organization is considering the interests of the employees and providing training services that have the attention of the workers.

Talent Management

Talent management can be defined as not only a profitable venture of retaining skilled and passionate workers but also a long-term investment on the part of the organization. Several strategies are advanced in this scenario; firstly, provision of freedom and little control over the worker. This provides the workers with enough time and space to exercise their creative power. Another strategy advanced is creation of a healthy competitive environment. This means creating an environment where the workers will desire and strive to achieve even better in their undertakings (Waheed et al., 2017).

Project Risk Management

High-Resistance Risks

The transition advanced is complicated. There are however two risks identified; the first is resistance to change. There are many reasons why workers resist change. One of the reasons is the uncertainty of the future. When the firm is planning a transition, it must have in heart that there is a possibility of a rebellion. The second-high risk to the transition is financial challenges. It is inevitable that the changes in training, for instance, must incur additional funds than the budgeted within the year. “Financial planning, including the creation of a comprehensive budget, would be the best way to plan for the financial needs of the project and in the end, avoid financial risks that may arise” (Waheed et al., 2017).

After-Action Review (AAR)

After the action review process is a critical aspect of the effective transition. This is because it provides the firm and the management an opportunity to determine the best course of action and the most suitable. The first approach is considering the impact of transition on efficiency or effectiveness of the workers. The change must also reflect positively on the firm’s productivity. Secondly it is essential to take on the effect of transitioning on the psychology of the workers. How the workers are prepared to work than before or are they discouraged. These essential elements provide critical insight into the firm’s future and action implementation (Hayes, 2018).

Recommended Training Approach

The ABC case shows that a need-based approach should be implemented within the firm based on the needs and circumstances of the firm. The organization needs to ensure that the training approach provides a tailored solution to the unique needs of the workers. This choice is etched on the different understanding of the operations of the organization and the goals of the firm (Hayes, 2018).

References

Cameron, E., & Green, M. (2015). Making sense of change management: A complete guide to the models, tools and techniques of organizational change. Kogan Page Publishers.

Chatwin, J., & Ackers, L. (2018). Organizational barriers to the facilitation of overseas volunteering and training placements in the NHS. BMC health services research18(1), 69.

Hayes, J. (2018). The theory and practice of change management. Palgrave.

Santos-Vijande, M. L., López-Sánchez, J. Á., & Trespalacios, J. A. (2012). How Organizational Learning Affects a Firm’s Flexibility, Competitive Strategy, And Performance. Journal of Business Research65(8), 1079-1089.

Waheed, M. S., Mustapha, N., & Hadi, N. U. (2017). Understanding Diversity of Outcomes in Organizational Training: A Literature-based View. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences8(3), 123-131.

 

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Attaching the six case studies pdf. Chapter 10 presents six case studies where the trustworthiness of data were at varying levels with high margins of error. Pick one case with high trustworthiness of

Attaching the six case studies pdf.

Chapter 10 presents six case studies where the trustworthiness of data were at varying levels with high margins of error. Pick one case with high trustworthiness of data and one with lower trustworthiness and compare and contrast them, clarifying how the “lines of authority” dictated the outcomes.

To complete this assignment, you must do the following:

A) Create a new thread. As indicated above, select two of the six cases and compare and contrast them, explaining how clear authority affected the outcomes.

 

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Social workers need to be able to identify cultural conceptions of illness and mental illness. Because studies show that anxiety and depression differ from culture to culture and within cultures, it i

Social workers need to be able to identify cultural conceptions of illness and mental illness. Because studies show that anxiety and depression differ from culture to culture and within cultures, it is important to build skill using the Cultural Formulation Interview (CFI) to elicit how an individual has actually incorporated their cultural beliefs. While the core interview is a set of 16 questions, more detailed versions expand on each area.

To prepare:

  • Read the Diaz (2017) article and take note of their experience using the CFI and the advantages they found in the process. Also note the minority stress concerns that arise in those working with anxiety issues in different cultures.
  • Review the CFI questions and readings in the DSM-5 on cultural variations, syndromes, and idioms.
 

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HSA 535 MIDTERM EXAM PART 1

HSahsh1212Question 1 

One of the important concepts from the Nuremberg Code is that of ____, which means that the subject understands the scope of the study and can make an informed decision to participate.

 

informed   consent

 

voluntary   consent

 

beneficence

 

primary   agent

Question 2 

The biological cause of a problem or disease is known as ____.

 

hypothesis

 

etiology

 

consent

 

agent

Question 3 

The first step in any epidemiological investigation is to ____.

 

understand   causation

 

establish   risk factors

 

track   trends and determine if particular diseases are increasing or decreasing in   the population

 

describe   the population demographically by age, race, sex, education, and other   relevant indicators

Question 4 

HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, is currently a ____.

 

non-modifiable   risk factor

 

pandemic

 

modifiable   risk factor

 

distribution

Question 5 

Physical, biological, social, cultural, and behaviors that influence health are known as ____.

 

risk   factors

 

health-related   states

 

agents

 

determinants

Question 6 

The normal occurrence of a disease or condition common to persons within a localized area is known as a(n) ____.

 

transmission

 

pandemic

 

endemic

 

epidemic

Question 7 

A disease or condition that affects a greater than expected (normal) number of individuals within a population, community, or region at the same time is referred to as an ____.

 

epidemic

 

endemic

 

outbreak

 

epidemic   threshold

Question 8 

For chronic diseases, the time between exposure and symptoms is called the ____ period, which can range from a few months to many years.

 

latency

 

incubation

 

temporal

 

plausibility

Question 9 

Risk factors or exposures that we think might affect the outcome are known as ____.

 

indirect   causes

 

direct   causes

 

dependent   variables

 

independent   variables

Question 10 

A test given to people who have no symptoms to check for the presence of a particular disease is known as a ____.

 

predictive   value

 

diagnosis

 

prevention

 

screening   test

Question 11 

Identifying diseases prior to the clinical stage means that prevention efforts can begin immediately. Because the disease is already present, this is an example of ____ prevention.

 

primary

 

secondary

 

tertiary

 

quaternary

Question 12 

The modern epidemiologic triangle includes groups of populations, causative factors, and ____.

 

alternate   explanations

 

risk   factors

 

results

 

coherence

Question 13 

The aspect of consistency means that ____.

 

an   increasing amount of exposure increases the risk

 

the   association should be compatible with existing theory and knowledge

 

the   association is consistent when results are repeated in studies in different   settings using different methods

 

the   findings agree with currently accepted understanding of pathological   processes

Question 14 

While Austin Bradford Hill is well-known for his work in developing guidelines for establishing causality for studies of non-infectious diseases, his other contributions to the field of epidemiology and ____ are remarkable.

 

psychology

 

statistics

 

sociology

 

mathematics

Question 15 

The number of new cases of disease in a specified time (usually one year) divided by the population “at-risk” to develop the disease is known as ____.

 

prevalence   proportion

 

incidence   rate

 

contingency

 

case   severity

Question 16 

The number of existing cases of disease  divided by the population is known as ____.

 

crude   rate

 

person   time

 

incidence   rate

 

prevalence   proportion

Question 17 

A proportion measured over a period of time is known as a ____.

 

period   prevalence

 

prevalence   proportion

 

point   prevalence

 

rate

Question 18 

Prevalence equals ____.

 

incidence   times duration of disease

 

incidence   divided by duration of disease

 

incidence   plus duration of disease

 

incidence   divided by duration of disease times 100

Question 19 

Consider a food borne illness that is being investigated from a restaurant during a one week period.  Anyone who ate at that restaurant, and had vomiting and diarrhea during that week, could be considered a(n) ____ even if they had not gone to see their doctor.

 

incidence

 

prevalence

 

suspect   case

 

case

Question 20 

While many people are used to hearing proportions represented as a percentage, many population samples in epidemiology are often presented per ____.

 

1,000

 

10,000

 

100,000

 

1,000,000

Question 21 

The representation of a numerator as a fraction of a denominator is known as a(n) ____.

 

proportion

 

rate

 

incidence   rate

 

specific   rate

Question 22 

A table in epidemiology that arranges numbers to allow the comparison of exposure and outcome is called a ____ table.

 

proportion

 

contingency

 

specific

 

crude

Question 23 

A(n) ____ is an infected individual capable of transmitting disease during and after clinical disease.

 

convalescent   carrier

 

passive   carrier

 

active   carrier

 

inactive   carrier

Question 24 

One of the most important emerging problems with the control of infectious diseases has to do with ____.

 

deadly   parasitic infections

 

antibiotic   resistant viral infections

 

antibiotic   resistant bacterial infections

 

vaccine   resistant viral infections

Question 25 

The disease carrier of most concern is known as a(n) ____, which is an infected person who never gets clinically ill, but can transmit the etiologic agent to others.

 

healthy   or passive carrier

 

pregnant   carrier

 

convalescent   carrier

 

active   carrier

Question 26 

Infectious diseases are responsible for ____% of worldwide deaths in children under 15 years old and ____% of deaths in people aged 15-59 years old.

 

90;   70

 

98;   50

 

50;   90

 

20;   80

Question 27 

If a bacterium carries several resistance genes, it is called a ____.

 

multidrug   resistant drug or super-drug

 

multidrug   resistant bacterium or superbug

 

resistant   bacterium or streptococcus bacterium

 

killer   bacterium or deadly bacterium

Question 28 

____ is the transmission of a disease from person to person, and may be directly from one person to another, or indirectly from one person through an intermediate item to another person.

 

Horizontal   transmission

 

Vertical   transmission

 

Quick   transmission

 

Polar   transmission

Question 29 

There is ____ in the overall crude death rate in the United States from the year 1900 until 1996.

 

a   definite increase

 

a   slight decrease

 

hardly   any change

 

a   clear decline

Question 30 

____ is the transmission of a disease from mother to child during pregnancy or delivery.

 

Horizontal   transmission

 

Vertical   transmission

 

Lateral   transmission

 

Polar   transmission

 

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1. Project Goals. Of the three goals of a project (time, cost, and specifications), which one is the most important? Could the answer be different in different circumstances? What would your answer be

1. Project Goals. Of the three goals of a project (time, cost, and specifications), which one is the most important? Could the answer be different in different circumstances? What would your answer be in the specific context of your Team Project?

2. Project Portfolio Management. Compare and contrast project management and project portfolio management. Discuss the issues involved in selecting and managing a portfolio of projects for an organization. What recommendations would you make to senior management to avoid these issues if your organization wanted to implement a new PPM system or improve upon the current one?

 

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Hepatic abscess (HA) can be defined as an encapsulated collection of suppurative material within the liver parenchyma, which may be infected by bacterial, fungal, and/or parasitic micro-organisms. Sin

Hepatic abscess (HA) can be defined as an encapsulated collection of suppurative material within the liver parenchyma, which may be infected by bacterial, fungal, and/or parasitic micro-organisms. Since the majority of HAs in the Western world are infected with bacteria, pyogenic liver abscess will be the focus of this review.

In the early 1900s, the most common cause of HA was pylephlebitis secondary to appendicitis. In the late 1900s, biliary tract disease emerged as the most frequent culprit, and it remains the most common cause of HA today. More recently, there has been an increase in the incidence of HA arising in association with malignancies and their treatment, including HA from liver metastasis, and as complications of transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) or radiofrequency ablation (RFA).

So, from this extract, explain in not less than 2 pages, what are the complications of liver abscess?

Files: amazon.pdf

 

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“power motive is often misunderstood as a negative trait”

Using what you have learned from this unit and your own life experiences, explain your interpretation of the statement by Weiss, Tilin, and Morgan (2018), “power motive is often misunderstood as a negative trait” (p. 85).

Weiss, D., Tilin, F., & Morgan, M. (2018). The interprofessional health care team: Leadership and development (2nd ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

During the next few units, we will be spending some time discussing the role relationships play in the effectiveness and efficiency of teams. At the core, the conversation will be around your role as the leader of those teams. In our fast-paced world, too often we get wrapped up in all the tasks we are responsible for, and we overlook the most important asset our organization has at its disposal—the people. Weiss, Tilin, & Morgan (2018) are quick to point out (in Chapter 5) that when we survey the most recent research on leadership, it becomes obvious that there is an interaction between leadership traits, a leadership style, the context in which the leader functions, and the specific behavior any group might have as a result of the interaction that takes place by members of the group. Earlier researchers seemed to focus on individual characteristics of leadership. Weiss et al. (2018) take a slightly different approach and ask us to view leadership thorough a different lens. One of the differences in perspective in any organization is the comparison between a telescope and a kaleidoscope. The telescope is like our frontline team members. They know their job, and they are very good  at their job. They focus in on the specifics of their own personal responsibilities. Leaders view the larger picture; they see the amazing collage of shapes, sizes, colors, and complexity of the overall organization. Both the telescope and the kaleidoscope are important perspectives. In our organizations, we need to see details, but at the same time, we need to see the bigger picture. The challenge for leaders is that one eye needs to be focused on the colorful kaleidoscope picture, and the other eye needs to look well into the future.

200 word minimum with cited references.

 

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Write a 5 pages paper on traditional and patient-centered outcomes with three classes of asthma medication.

Write a 5 pages paper on traditional and patient-centered outcomes with three classes of asthma medication. By ‘clinical variables’, the authors mean traditional end-points like symptoms, reliever use, forced expiratory volume in one second percent predicted, morning peak expiratory flow and airway hyperresponsiveness. ‘subjective variables’ mean patient-centred benefits like quality of life, patient global assessments and the feeling of improvement as determined by asthma control questionnaire.

There are 2 hypotheses in this study which are: 1) Some traditional measurements (clinical variables) of improvement during asthma treatment may not reflect the estimation of benefit by the patient. 2) Patients may benefit (subjective variables) from a specific class of asthma medication in ways which were not captured by the measurement of lung function.

Measures of asthma control are a much-debated topic in the recent times. This is because there are various measures to determine the efficacy of treatment. Most researchers use lung function and clinical improvement as criteria for improvement. even the international guidelines are based on these. However, what the researchers perceive as improvement may not be the same in case of patients. Patients may have their own meaning of improvement and only if they feel that a particular class of medicine is effective will they adhere to treatment. This is the basis of the hypotheses in the article under study.

This study included 58 subjects from three sites in Sydney and Melbourne, Australia. Only those with mild to moderate asthma, who had previously used a short-acting ß2-agonist with/without an inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) 500 µg beclomethasone equivalent and in the age group 16 to 75 years, were included in the study. In all subjects, ICS treatment was ceased at an entry to the study. Those with mild to moderate asthma were only considered because, in reality, these patients need only monotherapy and they are symptomatic enough to show a treatment response.&nbsp.&nbsp.

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Your assignment is to prepare and submit a paper on one of the listed subjects .Your paper should be a minimum of 250 words in length (1-2 pages double-spaced), in 12 point, Times New Roman type, an

Your assignment is to prepare and submit a paper on one of the listed subjects .Your paper should be a minimum of 250 words in length (1-2 pages double-spaced), in 12 point, Times New Roman type, and meet the following minimum objectives:

1) provide a review, reflection, and response to the topic, which should involve learning from your readings and personal research, self-assessments, class activities; and/or any other engagement with the web links and other materials in this class;

2) provide an assessment of how you think the disease may have affected you, someone you know, or society in general, and how you can apply your present knowledge of the health risks associated with the disease; and,

3) provide some advice relating to this general topic of the disease that you might give yourself or others regarding the benefits of a pro-active approach to a healthy lifestyle.

Type and save file as word file and attach by deadline

Write your term paper on any of the following subjects:
•Alzheimer Disease
•Multiple Sclerosis
•Crohns Disease
•Meningitis
•Bone Cancer

2. Core objective: A minimum 25 word interpretation of a data or graph artifact on a course related topic using standard written English in the comment section. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), recommends that adults ages 18 to 64 engage in regular aerobic physical activity for 2.5 hours at moderate intensity—or 1.25 hours at vigorous intensity—each week. Moderate activities are those during which a person could talk but not sing. Vigorous activities are those during which a person could say only a few words without stopping for breath. Start here with your 25 word interpretation of this graph as it relates to the estimated possible health benefits of physical activity.
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